Human Trafficking and Sex Exploitation

Women and girls are more commonly trafficked into the sex industry, however the trafficking of boys or men for sexual exploitation is largely under-reported. This is due to a combination of reasons including the more hidden nature of male prostitution; cultural and gendered stereotypes that do not consider it possible for men to be sexually exploited and inadequate legal systems and reporting frameworks that may not identify victims correctly. In many cases, girls and women who think they are going to work as domestic help or in restaurants, bars and karaoke venues, are tricked or forced into sex work. People may also choose to work in the sex industry but end up in an exploitative situation that they did not agree to. Many people who travel to find work or to study are tricked into the industry. This is often because they are culturally isolated and are not fully aware of their rights, so they become more vulnerable to exploitation.

Sex trafficking can occur in every country in the world. People who have limited access to protection, education or opportunities to make money are more vulnerable to being exploited. Many victims are found in countries where there is a large pool of unskilled labour and the labour protection system is weak. However, victims are also found in developed countries – many of who are migrants who may have travelled to pursue work or education opportunities and have been tricked or forced into exploitative situations. It is impossible to accurately assess how many people are victims of sex trafficking worldwide. It is a hidden crime and even if victims have the opportunity to report the abuses, in many cases, they will not do so out of fear of their traffickers or cultural shame. Frontline law enforcement authorities are also not always trained in identifying potential victims. For example, in a country where prostitution is illegal, people may be considered guilty of being sex workers, rather than as victims of trafficking. Trafficking for sexual exploitation turns individuals into commodities which dehumanises them. It occurs partially due to the demand for prostitution and other forms of commercial sexual practices that traffickers seek to supply. In certain cultures virginity is highly prized and ignorance and myths about HIV and AIDS transmission and cures have contributed to the demand for sex with young girls. Gender inequality contributes to high numbers of women being trafficked into the sex industry.

As sex trafficking is often a transnational crime, governments and organisations working across national boundaries, such as the United Nations and World Vision, must work together throughout the trafficking cycle. This includes collaboration to prevent potentially vulnerable individuals from becoming exploited; training law enforcement and other officials to identify and protect victims; prosecuting traffickers and their accomplices; securing justice for victims; and playing an active part in a global movement for the promotion and protection of human rights, especially for children.

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Belarusia Free Visa for Indonesia Citizen

In the last 2 years, the government’s policy that states will provide free visas to hundreds of countries reap the pros and cons. President jokowi created this policy to increase foreign exchange through the tourism sector. He believes with this policy, then the tourists from abroad will come to vacation in Indonesia.

Two-year rule of President Jokowi, many tourism programs do. Visa-free policy is considered effective to add foreign tourists. Related to the performance of tourism, the spotlight is visa-free policy and Tourism Special Economic Zone. With visa-free policy for the tourists from 169 countries are already under way, there was an increase of 5-20 percent of foreign tourists visit.

Now, this policy has been given to 169 countries. Not only Indonesia who have imposed this policy, but there are some countries that also make this policy, as countries as Malaysia, Singapore and others.

This policy should have the principle of “reciprocity”, which is where this principle states that the principle of reciprocity from countries that Indonesia provide visa-free. But in reality, not all of the 169 countries who provide free visas to Indonesia.

Starting next month, certainly February 12 2017 this Indonesian citizens can enjoy visa-free facilities, an Indonesian citizen who visited Belarus, can come into the country without a visa This was conveyed by Indonesian ambassador to Belarus Vladimir Lopato-Zagorsky.

the decision to grant visa-free facility is provided by the government of Belarus after the approach taken by the Indonesian government three years ago, but government of Belarus just give 5 days The Government of Belarus has so far only provide visa-free facility for only five days. Why is that?.

Because Belarus is not a big country. Most tourists only stay in Belarus for 3-5 days. Two days in Minsk and the rest out of the city. Belarus is quite unique position in Eastern Europe allows the tourists, including from Indonesia could travel to some countries in europe.

Germany, welcoming migrants

Germany can sustain up to 500,000 or more new asylum-seeker every year, as we know that the people from war-torn countries across the Middle East and Africa are making their way to Europe to chase the promise of a better life. While Germany accepts many asylum-seeker, not every country would do the same. There are pros and cons on welcoming refugees to the country. The government welcomes the refugees but some anti-immigration groups argue that they are a drain on a country’s economy, as they seek to avail themselves of government services before contributing to the state themselves. Here are two benefits why Germany is welcoming migrants with open arms, first the economy growth of the country, second the amount of human resources.

First, the economy growth. The 6.6 million people living in Germany with foreign passports paid $4,127 more in taxes and social security on average than they took in social benefits in 2012–generating a surplus of 22 billion euros that year, according to one report. German officials are hopeful that, in the long run, this new flood of refugees could result in a similar economic gain. German Labour minister, Andrea Nahles, admitted that Germany will profit from this too, because Germany need immigrants.

Second, the amount of human resources. Whether or not this new wave of migrants helps or hinders Germany’s economy depends heavily on the skillsets they bring. Many of Germany’s current working foreigners are high-skilled workers from other European countries like Greece. In contrast, the migrants flooding into Germany right now may not be as well-trained. That means German policymakers have to do a very good job of taking unskilled workers and incorporating them into the German labour force in a way that makes sense for long-term growth, whether that’s by making them to take low-skilled jobs or training them to do higher-level work.

In Conclusion, As we know that the people from war-torn countries across the Middle East and Africa are making their way to Europe to chase the promise of a better life. The benefits of why Germany is welcoming migrants with open arms are for the economy and human resources they need. By welcoming the migrants, Germany hopes they could do better on their economy instead having migrants being a drain on a country’s economy. Also, the amount of human resources that come could be a cheap paid-workers, they need jobs to stay alive, with great skills. The German economy needs to attract 1.5 million skilled migrants to stabilize the state pension system as more Germans retire. That’s why they take low-skilled jobs or training them to do higher-level work as the solution of German retire.

Getting from JFK to Times Square

You’ve just landed in New York City and you need to get from John F. Kennedy International Airport to your hotel in Times Square. Well, there are three ways to get from the airport to the “Crossroads of the World.”
Option 1 – Public Transit

If you’re considering traveling on the cheap, taking public transit is fast and cheap. Plus, you’re doing something for environment.

From any terminal at JFK, you can take the JFK Airtrain, which is an elevated automated airport train, to Jamaica Station. Please make sure you hear the announcement “Station D: Jamaica Station.”

Once at Jamaica Station, exit the Airtrain and follow the directional signs to the New York City subway. Upon entering the subway, take the Manhattan-bound (westbound)”E” subway line (Blue Line on the subway map) from Sutphin Blvd-JFK/Jamaica Station to 42nd Street-Port Authority Bus Terminal.

Once at the Port Authority Bus Terminal, you can exit the subway and walk a block east along 42nd Street or use the underground connector between the Times Square subway station and the Bus Terminal.

Cost: The fare on the subway and Airtrain is $7.25 ($5 for the Airtrain and $2.25 for the subway when you purchase a pay-per ride MetroCard). You can purchase a $7.25 MetroCard at the Airtrain terminal in Jamaica and use it on both the Airtrain and and the subway.

Alternatively, you can just purchase an $5 MetroCard Single Ride ticket at the Airtrain terminal and purchase and unlimited ride MetroCard in the subway. The unlimited ride MetroCard range in price for $29 for a 7-day pass to $104 for a 30-day pass. If you’re in town for a week or more, I would recommend the 7-day unlimited for $29 for every week you’re in town.

Option 2 – Commuter Rail

If you want to get to Times Square faster and want to avoid the subway, you can always take the Long Island Railroad from Jamaica Station to Penn Station. The Long Island Railroad, or LIRR for short, is a commuter railroad that serves communities on Long Island and connects those communities with the city.

Getting to the LIRR from the airport is very easy.

From any terminal at JFK, you can take the Airtrain to Jamaica Station, again make sure you’re listen for the announcement “Station D: Jamaica Station.

Once at Jamaica Station, exit the Airtrain and follow the directional signs to the Long Island Railroad.

Purchase your LIRR ticket from the ticket machines on the pedestrian bridge overlooking the platforms and look at the display board on the pedestrian bridge for the next arriving train bound for Penn Station. It will tell you what track the next westbound train will arrive on, which is usually tracks 1, 2 or 3.

Once in the city, you can take the subway to Times Square or a taxi from Penn Station to Times Square. If you’re taking the subway from Penn Station, you can take the uptown (northbound) number 1, 2 or 3 subway lines (Red Line on the subway map) and get off at Times Square. The trip take about 1 to 2 minutes.

Cost: A one way off peak ticket from Jamaica Station to Penn Station on the LIRR will cost you $6.75. If you’re traveling on the weekends, you can purchase a CityTicket, which is a discounted weekend rail ticket for travel between LIRR stations in New York City for $3.75.

The fare on the subway is the $2.25 with a MetroCard ($2.50 with a Single Ride Ticket), while the fare on the Airtrain is $5. Purchasing a $7.25 MetroCard will cover the fare on both the Airtrain and the subway.

Option 3 – Road Transportation

Besides taking the subway or the LIRR, there are two ways to get to Times Square by road transportation.

If you’re taking a taxi from JFK to your hotel in Times Square, the fare is a flat $52 plus toll. You can avoid the toll and still pay the $52 fare by informing the driver to take the Queensboro Bridge instead. Crossing the Queensboro Bridge is free.

I always recommend taking an authorized taxi from a designated taxi stand at the airport. Never take a ride offered by a unauthorized taxi driver, that’s because they’re known for overcharging customer, specially international customer.

If you preferred to arrange a hired car service (aka a town car or limo service). There several companies you can call for them to arrange a door-to-door car services.

All New York City taxis and limousines are authorized to operate as such by the New York City Taxi and Limousine Commission (TLC).

Another way to get from JFK to Times Square is by an airport express bus. The New York Airport Service provides express bus service between JFK, LaGuardia and Midtown, Manhattan with stops at the Port Authority Bus Terminal, Grand Central Terminal and Penn Station.

For $15, you can take the NYAS from JFK to the Port Authority Bus Terminal and then walk or take a taxi from the Bus Terminal to your hotel.

So, whether it by subway, commuter rail or road transportation, there are several ways to get from JFK to Times Square.

 

(Taken from http://nativenewyorker10454.blogspot.com/2010/10/getting-from-jfk-to-times-square_25.html )

 

Questions:

 

  1. If you want to get to Times Square from JFK airport in the cheapest way possible, what transportation would you take?
  2. How much would you have to spend if you took the subway and Airtrain to get to Times Square from JFK airport?
  3. What does the writer recommend if you want to get to Times Square from JFK by taxi?
  4. How much is will it cost if you choose to go to Times Square from JFK by using the commuter rail?
  5. How many main ways are there to get to Times Square from JFK?

How to Speak English Well

It has been said that English is an easy language to learn, but a difficult one to master. Speaking functional English is something many people take for granted, but speaking it well is a rare and powerful ability. Whether English is your native tongue or a second or third language for you, you can improve your fluency and the power of your speech

  1. Read. Powerful literature is one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary and grammar, as well as giving you a good exposure to many of the idiomatic expressions and cultural references that fluent speech relies upon. Countless expressions in modern English derive from Shakespeare and the Bible.
  2. Listen. Just as written literature can be a valuable source for learning grammar and vocabulary, so too can listening to spoken English. Listening to a language helps you develop an ear for what sounds right and what doesn’t. Classic movies and famous speeches are good for this. But listening is even more important in conversational English because conversation is dialogue. You need to know what your audience is saying in order to respond appropriately and intelligently. The ability to listen is often more important in conversation than the ability to speak.
  3. Slow Down and Think. Clear thinking is fundamental to clear speaking; you must understand what it is you are trying to say before you say it. This is especially a problem for native speakers of English who might feel frustrated that they are being misunderstood when in fact the ideas themselves are not fully developed. Taking the time to consider carefully your thoughts will often make them much easier to convey.
  4. Practice. Whether you’re trying to master conversational English as a second language or trying to develop the skills of rhetoric and oratory as a native speaker, you must engage in frequent, intensive practice. Take every opportunity to converse with intelligent and articulate people and don’t be afraid to imitate them. Ask them to correct your pronunciation, grammar or vocabulary. It is also worthwhile to practice alone, in front of a mirror. Memorize a speech, or a soliloquy from a play, or a poem, and recite it frequently, varying the inflection and tone of voice to see what effect you can have. In time, the words will flow more naturally.

source: http://www.ehow.com

written by Tom Kantain

Shutter

Novel Synopsis

written and sent by Ahmad Ibnu

Shutter

After celebrating at a drinking party with his close friends, Tun  a photographer, and Jane , get into a car accident. Jane hits a young woman. With much fear and bewilderment, Tun prohibits her from getting out of the car they drive away, leaving the poor girl lying on the road. Tun begins to discover mysterious white shadows and what appear to be faces in his photographs. A suspicious Jane thinks these images may be the ghost of the girl they hit on the road. Tun, who has been experiencing severe neck pains since the accident, visits a specialist. While a nurse attempts to measure his weight, to his dismay, he weighs approximately 120 kilograms 264 pounds. While collecting his medication via the counter, he hears a woman’s voice that accuses him of being a liar and he runs away, traumatised  Unconvinced of the existence of the supernatural, Tun dismisses the idea of being haunted although his friends are also being disturbed by this mysterious girl.

Jane begins to investigate in the school’s lab and discovers that the girl was Natre , a shy young woman who had attended the same college as Tun. After confronting Tun, Tun admits that he and Natre were in a relationship, which Tun had kept secret from his friends. Natre loved Tun dearly and threatened to commit suicide when Tun abruptly broke off the relationship. Tun witnesses his friend, Tonn, committing suicide by jumping from his apartment balcony. Tun discovers that his two other close friends from college have also committed suicide. Believing that they have been coerced into doing so by Natre’s ghost, Tun becomes convinced that he will be next.

The haunting of Tun by Natre’s ghost escalates, so he and Jane visit Natre’s mother. At her house, they discover the decaying body of Natre in her bedroom. They learn that Natre had committed suicide by jumping off the roof of a hospital, but her mother could not bear to have her cremated. Tun and Jane spend the night in a hotel, where Tun wakes up and is confronted by Natre’s ghost. Tun tries to escape but is pursued; ultimately, while trying to get away, he falls off a fire escape and is injured. Natre’s funeral is held the following day, after which Jane hopes that everything will return to normal.

However, on returning to Bangkok, Jane collects some photographs. One of the films shows a series of shadowy images of Natre in Tun’s apartment. Investigating further, Jane finds a set of negatives hidden behind the bookcase. She develops the negatives to find photographs in which Tun’s friends the ones who committed suicide are sexually assaulting Natre. Utterly disgusted by her findings, a teary Jane questions Tun. Tun admits that he witnessed the rape but did nothing to stop his friends, and that he was the one who had taken those photos. He says he did it out of peer pressure and has never forgiven himself, but Jane leaves him.

Knowing that he is still haunted by Natre, Tun takes a series of Polaroid photographs in his apartment in an attempt to find her. Having no success, he throws the camera across the room in a rage, only for it to go off, taking a photograph of Tun, revealing Natre sitting on Tun’s shoulders. In the ensuing confrontation, Tun jumps from the window, trying to escape from Natre. The final scene shows a badly bandaged Tun slumping over in a hospital bed while Jane visits him. As the door swings closed behind Jane, the glass reflection shows Natre still sitting on his shoulders.

 

How to be a good leader

by Tommy Adrianto

First,What is a Leader?Leader is A person or thing that holds a dominant or superior position within its field, and is able to exercise a high degree of control or influence over others.The another sense is, a person who influences a group of people towards the achievement of a goal.In this academy,i have learned many way to be a good leader,like speech in the ceremony,become a head of the organization,and many things i have learned to be a good leader.

To be a good Leader,You must have the courage to perform in front of many people,That is the most important thing to be a leader,if you don’t have the courage to perform in front of many people,you can’t be a leader. Based on my experience, I have some important thing to be a good leader.

Share your vision. As a leader, you can see the bigger issues at hand, but you can also see how things could be so much better if we could just remove those obstacles. To get people to help you in changing things, you need to share that positive vision with them. Inspire them. Motivate them. Guide them. Show them how their actions are bringing everyone closer to that dream. Most important, leaders can conceive and articulate goals that lift people out of their petty preoccupations and unite them in pursuit of objectives worthy of their best efforts..

Be proactive. If you’ve got these ideas in your mind about what the deeper issues are, you can probably predict the problems that’ll crop up as a result. Instead of waiting for those problems to appear, take steps to prevent them. If you can’t prevent them, then you can at least prepare. That’s the core difference between a leader and a manager. A good manager responds well to a variety of situations; a good leader takes effective action to prevent and create situations before they actually happen.

Make decisions, and take responsibility for the consequences. In order to exert influence and tackle bigger problems, you’re going to need decision-making power, and those decisions will affect the people who grant you that power. This is as much a responsibility as it is an honor. Not only do you need to be able to make sound decisions, but you also need to be willing to be held accountable to them. If things go wrong, people will assume it’s your fault (whether it is or not). Think of yourself as the captain of a ship; the fate of the ship is essentially in your hands, and it’s up to you to steer everyone in the right direction. So exercise wisdom when calling the shots; hope for the best and prepare for the worst. If you’re not prepared to take responsibility for your decisions – if you struggle with hesitation and self doubt  it might be a good idea to step down. An insecure leader often becomes a tyrant.

The last is, Remember that it’s not all about you. The greatest leaders saw their role as a means to an end, and themselves as an instrument of a deeper purpose; any glory, prestige, or wealth was a side effect rather than a motivation. If you want to realize a vision, the most effective way to do it is not with an army of drones; that army will only last as long as you do. For the most long-lasting results, share your vision and let people adopt it as their own, and let it spread like wildfire. Think of yourself as the beginning of a chain reaction once it’s begun, you can step away and it’ll continue to happen without any effort on your part. A leader is best when people barely know he exists, when his work is done, his aim fulfilled, they will say: we did it ourselves.

The conclusion ,from all the things to be a good leader, You must be prepared to come under pressure, to deal with any issues, solve problems, and you also have to listen to the opinions of your subordinates. I think that is all for my article,I hope it can be useful for all people who read this.

My Cat

My Cat

funny cat,
you are really beautiful ..
makes me want to caress your fur dense ..

meow ,, meow sounds so spoiled
I know it’s a sign he was hungry,,,
teddy , cat ..
that makes my life more colorful ..

I’m very fond of him
he was always comforted by the sound spoiled ..
during holidays arrive,
I picked her up and brought joy to play,
spend time with him …

written by Sinta